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What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells, meaning no insulin is produced.

About 10 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 1.

What causes it?

Nobody knows exactly why this happens, but science tells us it's got nothing to do with diet or lifestyle. It can develop at any age but usually appears before the age of 40 and is especially common in childhood.

What are the common signs and symptoms?

If you have any of the following symptoms, it may not mean that you have diabetes but if you are worried, it's a good idea to check with your GP, just to make sure.

  • Being really thirsty all the time
  • Needing to pee a lot, especially at night
  • Feeling a lot more tired than usual
  • Losing weight without trying to

Early diagnosis and treatment is essential, helping you feel better and reducing the chances of potentially serious complications.

How is Type 1 treated?

Type 1 is treated with daily doses of insulin - either by injection or via an insulin pump.

Is there a cure?

There is currently no cure but it can be treated effectively with insulin, a healthy, balanced diet and regular physical activity.

Diabetes UK is a charity which funds pioneering research into the care, treatment and prevention of all types of diabetes. To find out more follow this link:

This page is still under development.


Fact Zone

Moderate activity - The amount of effort required to reach a moderate intensity level varies from person to person due to individual fitness levels, but the effects of reaching a moderate intensity level remains the same for everyone. You're able to talk, but notice your breathing is quicker and deeper than at rest. Your body will be warming up, your heart rate will speed up but not be racing and your skin may start to show a healthy glow.